Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 9 April 2018
1) Laxity (noun) (ढील): lax-ity
Meaning – lack of strictness or care/the state of being relaxed, easy-going, or not very strict
Synonyms-: negligence, neglect, omission, indiscretion, slackness, inattention.
Antonyms – vigilance, caution, attention, alacrity, heed
Example – The prevalent laxity toward examination caused Raman to fail.
2) Din (verb) (शोर): din
Meaning – a loud, unpleasant, and prolonged noise [Noun]
make a loud, unpleasant, and prolonged noise, make (someone) learn or remember an idea by constant repetition[Verb]
Synonyms-: uproar, commotion, cacophony, babel, hubbub, tumult, instil
Antonyms – silence, quiet
Example – They made so much din that I couldn’t hear you.
3) Unassailable (verb) (अभेद्य): un-assl-able
Meaning – unable to be attacked, questioned, or defeated/safe from being overtaken
Synonyms-: impregnable, invulnerable, impenetrable, inviolable, invincible, unconquerable
Antonyms – assailable, defenceless
Example – When the runner looked back and did not see anyone in the distance, he knew he had an unassailable lead in the race.
4) Stalemate (verb) (गतिरोध): stale-ment
Meaning – a situation in which movement is not possible by either side/
Synonyms-: deadlock, impasse, standstill, dead end, stand-off, draw, tie
Antonyms – headway, progress
Example – A stalemate was reached when neither of the chess players could make a legitimate move.
5) Adjournment (verb) (स्थगन): ad-jurn-ment
Meaning – an act or period of postponing or cancelling (a meeting, legal case, or game) with the intention of resuming it later/go somewhere for rest or refreshment.
Synonyms-: suspension, breaking off, discontinuation, interruption, postponement, rescheduling, deferment
Antonyms – continuation, persistence, beginning, commencement, continuance
Example – The court’s adjournment means that a decision will not be reached until December at the earliest.
6) Dubious (verb) (संदिग्ध): du-bi-us
Meaning – causing doubt, hesitating or doubting/not to be relied upon; suspect.
Synonyms-: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant
Antonyms – certain, definite, trustworthy, decisive
Example – The elder brother warned her sister about dubious emails.
7) Retrospective (verb) (पूर्वप्रभावी, पुनरावलोकन): retro-es-pek-tiv
Meaning – relating to things that occurred previously, looking back on or dealing with past events or situations.
Synonyms-: Backdated, retroactive, ex-post facto, backward-looking
Antonyms – Prospective, future
Example – Sometimes we need to look back and take a retrospective view of our lives in order to determine our futures.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article
8) Pipe down (verb) (शांत हो जाना):
Meaning – to become quiet; to cease making noise; to shut up/
Synonyms-: Stop talking, be quiet, be silent, hush
Antonyms – speak out, speak up, talk up
Example -The teacher commanded the students to pipe down.
9) Delve into (verb) (में तल्लीन):
Meaning –to examine or study something thoroughly and carefully
Synonyms-: ponder, explore, check, scrutinize
Antonyms – forget, ignore, neglect
Example – He was considered a great employee because he would delve into every task given to him.
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