Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 7 April 2018
1) Atrocity (noun) (क्रूरता): atro-city
Meaning – a horrific action
Synonyms-: act of barbarity, act of brutality, act of savagery, act of wickedness, cruelty, abomination, enormity
Antonyms – good behaviour, kindness, pleasantness, pleasantry
Example – When the president learned of the dictator’s atrocity, he promised to help remove the cruel leader from power.
2) Disparate (adjective)(असमान, विभिन्न): dis-parayte
Meaning – very different from each other
Synonyms-: contrasting, different, differing, dissimilar, unlike
Antonyms – homogeneous, similar, comparable, equivalent, like, analogous
Example – Everyone in the book club has disparate ideas on what we have read, but that’s what makes every discussion so interesting.
3) Unpalatable (adjective) (कड़ा, अप्रिय): un-pelet-bal
Meaning – unpleasant to the taste/difficult to put up with or accept.
Synonyms-: unappetizing, uninviting, unappealing, disagreeable, unpleasant
Antonyms – palatable, tasty, pleasant, acceptable, satisfactory
Example – He had been bold enough to speak the unpalatable truth.
4) Dispel (verb) (दूर करना): dis-pel
Meaning – to cause to depart or be broken apart
Synonyms-: banish, eliminate, dismiss
Antonyms – engender, produce, create
Example – When the president made his speech about the state of the country’s security, he hoped his words would dispel public fears.
5) Conducive (adjective)(सहायक, हितकर): cun-dew-siv
Meaning – to cause or produce something
Synonyms-: good for, favourable, beneficial, advantageous.
Antonyms – unfavourable, adverse, critical, hostile
Example -Two things that I do to everyday for a conducive mind is drink plenty of water and get plenty of exercise.
6) Unleash (verb) – (खोल देना): cun-leash
Meaning – to set free from a restraint/cause (a strong or violent force) to be released or become unrestrained.
Synonyms-: let loose, release, set free.
Antonyms – restrain, prevent, stop, keep
Example – The war could unleash unstoppable political and economic changes.
7) Pragmatic (adjective) (व्यावहारिक): prag-may-tic
Meaning – concentrating on practical results and facts instead of speculation and opinion
Synonyms-: practical, efficient, sensible, realistic
Antonyms – theoretical, unrealistic, inefficient, idealistic, impractical, unprofessional
Example – My mother is quite pragmatic in nature and never does anything without rationalizing it first.
8) Marginalise (verb) (हाशिए पर) : marzin-lise
Meaning – treat (a person, group, or concept) as insignificant or peripheral.
Synonyms-: minor, undervalue, underrate, disregard
Antonyms – Elevate, promote, praise
Example -By removing religion from the public space, we marginalize it.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article
9) Against the grain (phrase) (स्वभाव के विरुद्ध होना) :
Meaning – contrary to the natural inclination or feeling of someone or something.
Synonyms-: opposite, different, contrary
Antonyms – Similar
Example – It goes against the grain to accept that any forest can be improved by the removal of a tree.
10) Lay down (phrasal verb) ( निर्धारित करना, स्थापित करना) :
Meaning – to state officially what someone must do or how they must do it/to put something down in order to show you are not going to use it again, for example, a weapon or tool/to tell someone what to do or how to behave in a way that shows that you expect them to obey you completely
Synonyms-: prescribe,formulate, stipulate
Example – The Companies Act lays down a set of minimum requirements.
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