Challengeing Words In The Article The Hindu | 7 March 2018
1) Gory (adjective) (रक्तमय): gor-e
Meaning – involving or showing violence and bloodshed.
Synonyms – grisly, gruesome, violent, bloodthirsty, bloody, brutal, savage
Antonyms – charming, uplifting
Example -The teenagers should not watch movies that feature gory violence.
2) Topple (adjective) (गिर पड़ना): taw-pal
Meaning – overbalance or cause to overbalance and fall/remove (a government or person in authority) from power; overthrow.
Synonyms – overthrow, oust, depose, unseat, overturn
Antonyms – establish, hold, increase ,rise ,support
Example – It is the high time to take some serious and effective steps to topple the orthodoxy of the society.
3) Brawn (adjective) (मांसपेशी): braw-n
Meaning – physical strength in contrast to intelligence/muscular power or strength
Synonyms – burly, husky, tough, powerful,
Antonyms – weakness, puniness
Example – A commando’s work required as much brain as brawn.
4) Synergetic (adjective) (सहयोग): sin-er-jet-ik
Meaning – to work together, cooperate/Involving the interaction or cooperation of two or more organizations, substances, or other agents to produce a combined effect greater than the sum of their separate effects.
Synonyms – agreeing, coacting, coadjuvant, collaborating, harmonious, combined
Antonyms – hindrance, hurt, injury, antagonism, disagreement, discord
Example -The country aims to develop a highlysynergetic global management platform’
5) Render (adjective) (प्रस्तुत करना): ren-der
Meaning – to cause someone or something to be in a particular state/to provide or give (a service, help, etc.)
Synonyms – make,cause,reason
Example – New technology has renderedmy old computer obsolete.
6) Indoctrinate (adjective) (राज़ी करना): in-dok-truh-neyt
Meaning -to convince people to believe a certain idea or concept/ teach (a person or group) to accept a set of beliefs uncritically
Synonyms – brainwash, propagandize, proselytize, inculcate, re-educate, persuade, convince,
Antonyms – unlearn, dissuade, neglect
Example -A teacher’s job is not to indoctrinate his students but rather to teach them how to discover their own knowledge.
7) Transformative (adjective) (परिवर्तनकारी): trans-for-mative
Meaning – causing a marked change in someone or something.
Synonyms – reframing, revolutionary, breakthrough
Antonyms – uneventful, ordinary, common
Example – The transformative power of technology is making our lives easier than before.
8) Mimic (adjective) (नकल): mim-ik
Meaning – imitate (someone or their actions or words), especially in order to entertain or ridicule/imitative of something.
Synonyms – apish, canned, emulative, formulaic, imitative, mimetic, slavish, unoriginal
Antonyms – authentic, bona fide, legitimate, true genuine, natural, real
Example -imitate, copy, impersonate, mock
9) Obsolete (adjective) (अप्रचलित): obso-lete
Meaning -no longer produced or used; out of date.
Synonyms – outdated, outmoded, old-fashioned
Antonyms – contemporary, current, modern, new, up to date
Example – If you look inside of most classrooms, you will not see chalkboards because they are nearly obsolete in education today.
10) Maniac(adjective) (पागल): mey-nee-ak
Meaning – a person exhibiting extremely wild or violent behaviour.
Synonyms – lunatic, psychopath, psychotic
Antonyms – carper, critic, nonadmirer, detractor
Example – A maniac driver sped 35 miles along the wrong side of a motorway at 110 mph.driver sped 35 miles along the wrong side of a motorway at 110 mph
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