Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 4 April 2018
1) Conversant (adjective) (जानकार, प्रवीण): con-var-sant
Meaning – to be familiar with or have inside knowledge about the facts of something
Synonyms-: familiar with, acquainted with, au fait with, at home with
Antonyms – unfamiliar with, ignorant of
Example – Because the terms and conditions of the loan are so important, our banker insisted that we become conversant with them.
2) Nuance (noun) (अति सूक्ष्म अंतर) : nu-ance
Meaning – a subtle distinction or variation in shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
Synonyms-: fine distinction, subtle distinction, difference, shade, shading
Antonyms – coarse, inexact, rough
Example – In order to learn about the birds, the scientists have to keep track of every nuance which makes the birds different from one another.
3) Inordinately (adverb) (अत्यधिकता) : in-ordi-nate
Meaning – to an unusually or disproportionately large degree; excessively.
Synonyms-: excessively, immoderate, intemperate, unreasonably, unjustifiably, excessively
Antonyms – acceptably, moderately, modestly, reasonably, temperately
Example – She is inordinately fond of her pets.
4) Glitch (noun) (गड़बड़) : gli-ch
Meaning – a sudden, usually temporary malfunction or fault of equipment [Noun], suffer a sudden malfunction or fault [Verb]
Synonyms-: bug, defect, problem, difficulty, complication.
Example – The manager was frustrated by aglitch that shut down the drive-through intercom system in the middle of lunch.
5) Bounty (noun) (इनाम, प्रचुरता) : boun-ti
Meaning – an abundance, a sum paid by the state to encourage trade.
Synonyms-: benefaction, generosity, magnanimity, munificence
Antonyms – miserliness, niggardliness, close-fistedness, parsimony
Example – A bounty of qualified, enthusiastic candidates vied for the company’s newest management position.
6) Dip (verb) (कमी) : dip
Meaning – (of a level or amount) become lower or smaller, typically temporarily.
Synonyms-: decrease, fall, go down, drop, fall off, drop off, decline
Antonyms – move up/upwards, come/go up, make one’s/its way up, arise, ascend
Example – The president’s popularity has dippedafter he found supporting the rival country.
7) Evasion (adjective) (टालना) : eva-zun
Meaning – the action of escaping or avoiding (someone or something), especially by guile or trickery.
Synonyms-: avoidance, dodging, eluding, elusion, sidestepping
Antonyms – confrontation, directness
Example – They came up with an evasion of the law to keep all the land for themselves.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article
8) In the pipeline (phrase) (होने वाला) :
Meaning – in the process of being planned or developed.
Synonyms-: on the way, in preparation, being prepared, in production, under way, coming
Example – The company has three new models in the pipeline.
9) Hold up (phrasal verb) (मजबूत रहना) :
Meaning – remain strong or vigorous/ to hold something in a high position, so that it can be seen/to support someone or something so that they do not fall down
Synonyms-: maintain, withstand, stabilize, resist
Antonyms – give in, surrender, yield
Example – Virat Kohli held up well in the match even after his father’s death.
10) Keep one’s fingers crossed (phrase) (अच्छे परिणाम की आशा करना ) :
Meaning – to wish for luck for someone or something, sometimes by actually crossing one’s fingers; to hope for a good outcome for someone or something.
Synonyms-: anticipate, assume, believe, cherish, count on, expect
Antonyms – abandon, disbelieve, distrust, doubt
Example – I’m crossing my fingers that I get the first rank in the competition.
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