Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 30 March 2018
1) Innocuous (noun) (अहानिकर) : ino-q-us
Meaning – not harmful or offensive
Synonyms- : harmless, safe, non-dangerous, non-poisonous, non-toxic
Antonyms- harmful, obnoxious
Example -Although Sarah meant her joke to beinnocuous, the people around her took it to heart.
2) Nefarious (adjective)(कुटिल) : ney-fer-e-us
Meaning – very evil and wicked
Synonyms- abominable, atrocious, base, criminal, depraved
Antonyms- honest, honorable, praiseworthy, upright, virtuous
Example – One man employed his nefariousscheme to hack into people’s computers and steal bank account information.
3) Despicable (adjective) (नीच, घृणित, घिनौना) : des-pik-bal
Meaning – worthy of intense dislike
Synonyms- contemptible, loathsome, hateful, detestable, reprehensible
Antonyms- admirable, noble
Example – After Rachel exhibited despicablebehavior at her sister’s wedding, she was banned from future events.
4) Fracas (noun) (कोलाहल) : fra-cas
Meaning – a noisy disagreement or commotions
Synonyms- disturbance, quarrel, scuffle, brawl, affray, tussle
Antonyms- agreement, calm, harmony
Example – The husband and wife were fined by the judge for starting a fracas in court.
5) Premeditated (adjective) (पूर्वचिन्तित, सोचा-समझा) : pre-medi-ta-ted
Meaning – think out or plan (an action, especially a crime) beforehand.
Synonyms- preplanned, intentional, intended, deliberate
Antonyms- accidental, unintentional, spontaneous
Example – The killer admitted his premeditatedplan to kill the president had taken over a year to develop.
6) Murky (adjective) (संदिग्ध) : mur-ki
Meaning – obscure or morally questionable/ dark and gloomy, especially due to thick mist.
Synonyms- questionable, suspicious, suspect, dubious, dark, mysterious, secret
Antonyms- clear, pure, sinless, innocent
Example – People avoid talking about depression because it is such a murky subject.
7) Infamy (noun) (बदनामी) : in-fami
Meaning –the state of being well known for some bad quality or deed.
Synonyms- notoriety, disrepute, disreputableness, ill repute, ill fame
Antonyms- honour, anonymity, virtue
Example – While one sister is recognized as being nice and polite, the other sister lives in infamy for her selfish and cruel ways.
8) Accomplice (noun) (सहभागी) : des-pik-able
Meaning – a person who helps another commit a crime
Synonyms- abetter, accessory, a partner in crime, associate, confederate, collaborator
Example – Because the accomplice was willing to testify against his criminal cohorts, he received immunity from prosecution.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article
9) Spur of the moment (phrase) (तत्काल) :
Meaning – on impulse; without planning in advance.
Synonyms- impulsively, impetuously, without planning, unpremeditatedly, impromptu, spontaneously
Antonyms- prepared, rehearsed
Example – You should not generally do things on the spur of the moment.
10) Slap on the wrist (phrase) (हल्का दण्ड, चेतावनी) :
Meaning – a mild reprimand or punishment.
Synonyms- reprimand, rebuke, reproof, scolding, admonition
Antonyms- severe punishment
Example – The few perpetrators prosecuted only got a slap on the wrist.
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