Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 28 March 2018
1) Searing (adjective) (गंभीर रूप से आलोचनात्मक) : se-ar-ing
Meaning – severely critical/extremely hot or intense
Synonyms- fierce, savage, blistering, scathing,
Antonyms- comfortable, agreeable, friendly, genial, hospitable, pleasant
Example – She made national headlines with her searing attack on the President.
2) Extraneous (verb) (असंगत): extra-ni-us
Meaning – not essential or coming from the outside
Synonyms- irrelevant, immaterial, unrelated, inapposite, inapplicable
Antonyms- relevant, pertinent, applicable, apposite, material, apropos
Example – There was so much extraneous information in the report that it was impossible to weed out what was valuable and what was garbage.
3) Scrupulously (अति सतर्कतापूर्वक) : scrup-al-usly
Meaning – in a very careful and thorough way/with great effort to avoid doing wrong.
Synonyms- carefully, religiously, consistently, constantly
Antonyms- inadequately, incompletely, partially, carelessly, incautiously, thoughtlessly
Example – As a surgeon you has to perform life-saving operations scrupulously.
4) Adjudicate (adjective) (निर्णय करना): ad-ju-di-kate
Meaning – to make a decision on an issue
Synonyms- judge, adjudge, try, hear, examine, arbitrate
Antonyms- hesitate, defer, dodge, ignore
Example – You should never adjudicate a major decision when you are under the influence of anger.
5) Latitude (noun) (स्वतंत्रता): lati-tude
Meaning – having the choice to do something
Synonyms- freedom, scope, leeway, space, flexibility, liberty
Antonyms- dependence, helplessness, weakness
Example – My father gave me the latitude to choose my carrer.
6) Vitiate (adjective) (भ्रष्ट करना): viti-ate
Meaning – to spoil, make faulty; to reduce the value, quality, or effectiveness of something
Synonyms- ruining, destroying, upsetting.
Antonyms- allow, help, permit, affirm
Example – We can’t allow that corporation tovitiate the purity of our drinking water by building a factory next to the river.
7) Scathing (adjective)(तीखा): scath-ing
Meaning – extremely severe or harsh
Synonyms- : devastating, withering, blistering, extremely critical, searing, scorching
Antonyms- mild, gentle, complimentary
Example – The scathing criticism did not inspire the student to improve his writing skills.
8) Specious (adjective) (भ्रामक): speci-us
Meaning – seems correct or true, but actually wrong or false; deceptive
Synonyms- misleading, deceptive, false, fallacious, unsound
Antonyms- accurate, correct, genuine, honest
Example -Since she had doubts about thespecious business offer, Kim refused to sign the contract.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article
9) Set aside (phrasal verb) (टालना, रद्द करना):
Meaning – to not let a particular feeling, opinion, or belief influence you, in order to achieve something more important/to keep or save something from a larger amount or supply in order to use it later for a particular purpose/to officially state that a particular legal decision will no longer be followed
Synonyms- dismiss, reject, turn down, ignore, nullify
Antonyms- welcome, approve, appreciate
Example – They agreed to set aside their differences and work together for peace.
10) On its merits (phrase)– (योग्यता के अनुसार):
Meaning – According to or based on facts or qualities essential to a person or situation/based only on a person’s or thing’s qualities and not on what other people say about that person or thing
Synonyms- accordingly, as per
Example – I can assure you that she got the job on her own merits and not because she is the CEO’s daughter.
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