Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 26 March 2018
1) Reminiscent (adjective) ( स्मृति जगानेवाला ): remini-scent
Meaning – tending to remind one of something/suggesting something by resemblance.
Synonyms- similar to, comparable with, inviting/bearing comparison with, tending to make one think of
Antonyms- forgetful, oblivious
Example – The way he laughed was strongly reminiscent of his father.
2) Steep (adjective) ( तेज, आकस्मिक): es-teep
Meaning – (of a slope, flight of stairs, or angle) rising or falling sharply; almost perpendicular.
Synonyms- precipitous, sheer, abrupt, sharp, sudden, rapid
Antonyms- gentle, tender, benign, humane
Example – As soon as there was a steep decline in iPhone prices, everyone went out and purchased a new model.
3) Portend (verb) – (संकेत मिलना): por-tend
Meaning – be a sign or warning that (something, especially something momentous or calamitous) is likely to happen.
Synonyms- presage, augur, foreshadow, foretell, prophesy
Antonyms- assure, calculated
Example – In most cases, a lack of effort does portend failure.
4) Squeeze (verb) (निचोड़ना): es-queeze
Meaning – a strong financial demand or pressure, typically a restriction on borrowing, spending, or investment in a financial crisis/firmly press (something soft or yielding), typically with one’s fingers.
Synonyms- force, extract, press
Antonyms- release, un-compress
Example -Industry faced higher costs and a squeeze on profits.
5) Precautionary (adjective) (सतर्कता के तौर पर किया गया): pre-cau-shun-ri
Meaning – carried out as a precaution; preventive.
Synonyms- preventative, preventive, safety, protective
Antonyms- harm, hurt, neglect
Example – She was taken to hospital as a precautionary measure.
6) Mortgage (noun) (बंधक, गिरवी): mort-gage
Meaning – a legal agreement by which a bank, building a society, etc. lends money at interest in exchange for taking title of the debtor’s property, with the condition that the conveyance of title becomes void upon the payment of the debt(Noun)/convey (a property) to a creditor as security on a loan(Verb)
Synonyms – contract, debt, pledge
Example – I put down a hundred thousand in cash and took out a mortgage for the rest.
7) Outflow (noun) (अधिप्रचार): aaut-flow
Meaning – a large amount of money, liquid, or people that moves or is transferred out of a place.
Synonyms- discharge, outflowing, outpouring, out rush, rush, flood
Antonyms- inflow, influx
Example – The company realized that their cash-outflow exceeded what their cash inflow was going to be, and, instead of securing other financing, they decided to remedy the situation by laying off workers.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article:
8) Spill over (phrasal verb) (फैल जाना ):
Meaning – (of a bad situation or strong emotion) reach a point at which it can no longer be controlled or contained.
Synonyms- spread out, disperse, fan out
Antonyms- gather, congregate, convene, assemble
Example – The protests against the new law have spilled over to other parts of the city.
9) Get going (phrase) (शुरू कर देना):
Meaning –To start taking some action,To cause someone to start enthusiastically discussing some topic, To depart
Synonyms- begin, start, set about, go ahead
Antonyms- cease, close, conclude
Example -We need to get going if we’re determined to complete this project within the definite time.
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