Challengeing Words In The Article The Hindu | 26 Feb 2018
1)Reticence (noun) (अल्पभाषिता): reti-sense
Meaning – not revealing one’s thoughts or feelings, wanting to avoid communication /to keep one’s thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs to oneself.
Synonyms – reserve, introversion, restraint, inhibition, diffidence, shyness, modesty
Example – The students who like reticence and do not express their opinions and ideas in class discussions, rarely make progress.
2)Rejoinder (noun) (प्रत्युत्तर): re-join-dar
Meaning-a reply, especially a sharp or witty one.
Synonyms -: answer, reply, response, retort, riposte, counter, sally
Antonyms- inquiry, query, question
Example -She always has a witty rejoinder to any question.
3)Strife (noun) (कलह): es-trife
Meaning – angry or bitter disagreement over fundamental issues/struggle or conflict
Synonyms – conflict, friction, discord, disagreement, dissension
Antonyms- harmony, peace, cooperation
Example – When the political strife ended, the two parties were able to reach an agreement on the legislative bill.
4)Insurgency (noun) (विद्रोह): in-surge-ency
Meaning – an active revolt or uprising/an occasion when a group of people attempt to take control of their country/state by force
Synonyms – insurrection, mutiny, outbreak, rebellion, revolt
Antonyms- counterinsurgency, counterrevolution
Example -In Kashmir, grappling with insurgency appears to be the daily assignment with no end in sight.
5)Evoke (verb) (पुकारना): e-voke
Meaning -bring or recall (a feeling, memory, or image) to the conscious mind.
Synonyms – invoke, bring forth, elicit, induce, stir up, awaken, arouse
Antonyms- disregard, forget, ignore, neglect
Example -The sight of the village evokedpleasant memories of his childhood.
6)Stray (verb) (भटकना ): es-tray
Meaning – to move around/move away aimlessly from a group or from the right course or place/get off the subject
Synonyms – go astray, drift, digress, deviate
Antonyms- orderly, organized, regular, systematic
Example – Bored in class, Raman’s eyes began tostray and wander around the room.
Idioms/Phrases in the article –
7)Go on (phrasal verb) (जारी रखना ):
Meaning – to continue happening or doing something as before
Synonyms – continue, proceed
Example – Things will go on like this way if the company does not take any effective steps.
8)Call upon (phrasal verb) (अपील करना ):
Meaning – To choose, request, obligate, order, or demand someone to do something
Synonyms – ask, urge, address, call, demand
Example – Yesterday the president called upon world leaders everywhere to promote open and fair trade between countries.
9)Keep out (phrasal verb) (दूर रहना/दूर रखना ):
Meaning – to prevent someone or something from entering a place
Synonyms – exclude, ban, prohibit, deny, disallow
Antonyms- accept, admit, approve
Example – The teacher is in an angry mood, sokeep out of her way.
10)Off-the-cuff (phrase) (तुरत-फुरत /तैयारी के बिना):
Meaning – without preparation.
Synonyms – impromptu, extempore
Antonyms- deliberate, planned
Example – I hadn’t prepared a speech so I just said a few words off the cuff.
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