Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 26 April 2018
1. Lurk (verb): To hide somewhere, usually with the intention to do something bad. (घात लगाकर बैठा होना, छिपा होना)
Synonyms: Skulk, Loiter, Hide, Conceal, Sneak, Sidle, Slink, Prowl, Steal
Antonyms: Expose, Reveal, Manifest, Appear
Example: Someone was lurking in the shadows
Related word: Lurk, Lurked (past), Lurked (past participle), Lurks, Lurking
2. Brinkmanship (noun): The activity, especially in politics, of trying to get what you want by saying that if you do not get it, you will do something dangerous. (एक विशेष परिणाम की स्थिति को खराब बनाने का कार्य)
Synonyms: Manoeuvring, Tactic, Politicking, Strategy
Antonyms: Carefulness, Caution, Precaution, Prudence, Wariness
Example: The talks have collapsed and both sides have resorted to brinkmanship.
3. Spark off (phrasal verb): To cause or start some violent or energetic activity. (शुरू करना, आरम्भ करना)
Synonyms: Initiate, Actuate, Activate, Trigger, Crank, Catalyze, Incite, Launch
Antonyms: Arrest, Brake, Check, Halt, Jam, Stall, Stop Decelerate, Repress, Suppress
Example: The assassination sparked off a revolution.
Related- set- off, trigger- off, touch- off
4. Ratchet (something) up (phrasal verb): To increase, or make something increase, repeatedly and by small amounts. (थोड़ी –थोड़ी मात्रा में वृद्धि करना)
Synonyms: Increase, Raise, Soar, Hike, Escalate, Bourgeon, Accumulate
Antonyms: Ratchet down, Abate, De-escalate, Decline, Taper, Lessen, Wane
Example: The debate should ratchet up awareness of the environmental problems among general public.
5. Treating with Kid gloves (idiom): To treat someone with extra care and gentleness. (देखभाल और विनम्रता के साथ संभालना)
Synonyms: Infantilize, Pamper, Cherish, Cosset, Coddle
Antonyms: Careless, Incautious, Indiscreet, Negligent
Example: After my nervous breakdown, everyone kept treating me with kid gloves.
6. Hedge (verb): To avoid giving a promise or making a clear, direct response or statement. (वचनबद्ध होने से बचना)
Synonyms: Confine, Restrict, Limit, Tergiversate, Pussyfoot, Constrain, Fudge
Antonyms: Absolute, Certainty, Release, Expose, Show, Commit
Example: He worked among the subaltern population.
Relates Word: Hedge, Hedged (past), Hedged (past participle), Hedges, Hedging
7. Acrimony (noun): Angry and bitter feelings. (अप्रियता, कटुता)
Synonyms: Rancour, Resentment, Ill feeling, Bad blood, Animosity, Hostility, Enmity, Antagonism
Antonyms: Gentleness, Kindliness, Mildness, Goodwill, Civility
Example: There has been acrimony between Sally and John’s relatives.
Related word: Acrimonious (adjective), Acrimoniously (adv)
8. Extending the olive branch (idiom): To extend an offer or gesture of peace, reconciliation, (to someone), so as to end a disagreement or dispute. (शांति और सुलह का संकेत)
Synonyms: Conciliation, Compromise, Truce. Peacemaking
Antonyms: Break Up, Estrangement, Conflict
Example: Whenever I have an argument with my sister it’s always me who has to extend the olive branch.
9. Adverse (adjective): Having a negative or harmful effect on something: (हानिकर, नकारात्मक)
Synonyms: Unfavorable, Disadvantageous, Inauspicious, Unpropitious, Unfortunate, Unlucky, Untimely, Untoward
Antonym: Beneficial, Good, Helpful, Propitious, Useful, Innocuous, Safe
Example: The match has been cancelled because of adverse weather conditions.
Related word: Adversely (adverb), Adverseness (noun)
10. Pragmatic (adjective): Way of dealing with something is based on practical considerations, rather than theoretical ones. (वास्तविक तरीके से)
Synonyms: Realistic, Practical philistine, Utilitarian, Commonsensical, Logical, No-nonsense, Rational, Reasonable, Sane, Sensible
Antonym: Idealistic, Visionary, Utopian, Unrealistic, Impractical
Example: He made a pragmatic decision to settle the lawsuit because in the end it would cost more to try it in court.
Related word: Pragmatically (adverb)
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