Challenging Words (25 Feb 2018) In The Article The Hindu
1)Miff(Noun)( मनमुटाव): Mi-f
Meaning – a petty quarrel (Noun) / to annoy by ill humor (Verb)
Synonyms – displease, offend, aggravation, anger, annoyance, bother
Antonyms -satisfaction appeasement, mollification, pacification
Example – She was miffed that he’d forgotten her name.
2)Dissident (Noun)( मतभेद करनेवाला): disi-dent
Meaning – a person who opposes the current political structure, group or laws; one who disagrees
Synonyms – dissenter, objector, protester, disputant
Example – The dissident was jailed for refusing to obey the law.
3)Benign (Adjective)( सौम्य): be-nine
Meaning – having no significant effect/gentle and kind/not harmful
Synonyms – temperate, mild, gentle, clement, calm, balmy, pleasant
Antonyms – unfriendly, hostile harsh, unhealthy, unfavourable
Example – The eco-friendly company will only drill for oil in areas where its practices are benign.
4)Subtle(Adjective)( सूक्ष्म): sub-tal
Meaning – hard to notice or see/(especially of a change or distinction) so delicate or precise as to be difficult to analyse or describe.
Synonyms – fine, fine-drawn, nice, overnice, minute, precise, narrow
Antonyms -crude ,lurid, obvious
Example – In the game, people are asked to identify the subtle differences between the similar pictures.
5)Lofty (Adjective) ( बुलंद): lof-ti
Meaning – great and worthy of praise
Synonyms – tall, high, giant, towering, soaring
Antonyms – low, short
Example – When Jenny achieved her lofty objective of graduating from medical school, she cried for joy.
6)Avenue(Noun)( मार्ग): aven-ue
Meaning – a way of approaching a problem or making progress towards something.
Synonyms – : line, path, direction, route-
Example -The minister suggested three possibleavenues of dealing with the problem in the state.
7)Assassinate (Verb)( हत्या करना): ass-as-inate
Meaning – to murder a famous or otherwise important person with a surprise attack
Synonyms – : murder, kill, execute, slaughter, butcher, liquidate
Antonyms – raise, restore, resurrect, resuscitate, revive
Example -There was a plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, but the would-be murderer was not able to get close enough.
8)Silver lining (Idiom)( उम्मीद की किरण): sil-var-line-ig
Meaning – to emphasize the hopeful side of a situation that might seem gloomy on the surface/a comforting or hopeful aspect of an otherwise desperate or unhappy situation
Synonyms -Bright side, comforting prospect, good side
Example – No matter if all the doors are closed in someone’s life, there is always a silver lining which a person needs to see.
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