Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 25 April 2018
1. Defang (verb): To make someone or something less harmful, so that he, she, or it is no longer dangerous: (हानिरहित या शक्तिहीन बनाना)
Synonyms: Withdraw. Take Away. Remove
Antonyms: Invigorate, Energize, Vitalize
Example: In trying to defang the terrorist threat, the US will have to dismantle a massive money laundering network.
2. The straw that broke the camel’s back (idiom): It means a one that have had it enough of being patient and his nerve load reached the maximum and a one tiny mistake or problem would easily make him explode. (किसी बात या चीज़ पर अपने सबर का आपा खो देना)
Synonyms: Breaking Point, Deciding Factor, End of Line, Final Stroke, Limit
Example: I was already fed up with his laziness and insensitivity, but Jim’s refusal to come with me to my ownmother’s funeral was the straw that broke the camel’s back.
3. Precipice (noun): A dangerous situation that could lead to harm or failure: (संकटमय स्थिति के कगार पर)
Synonyms: Brink, Verge, Threshold, Danger, Crisis, Emergency
Antonyms: Unlikelyhood, Improbableness, Implausibility
Example: The massed crowds of supporters accorded him a hero’s welcome.
4. Teeter (verb): To shake in an unsteady way, and seem to be about to lose balance and fall over. (अस्थिर होना, लड़खड़ाना)
Synonyms: Wobble, Waver, Vacillate, Seesaw, Stagger, Stumble, Lurch , Totter
Antonyms: Steady, Stabilized, Advance, Budge, Continue, Decide
Example: Danielle was teetering around in five-inch heels
Word forms: Teeters, Teetering, Teetered
5. A share of the pie (idiom): A share of something such as money, profits etc. (मुनाफे का हिस्सा)
Synonyms: Moiety, Portion, Allocation, Allotment
Example: The company made big profits and the workers want a slice of the pie
Related Forms: Grudge (noun), Grudgingly (adv)
6. Subaltern (adjective): Someone with a low ranking in a social, political, or other hierarchy or marginalized or oppressed. (निचले रैंक या जाति के)
Synonyms: Underlying, Subordinate, Petty, Inferior
Antonyms: Senior, Superior, Superordinate
Example: He worked among the subaltern population.
7. Wield (verb): Have and be able to use (power or influence). (नियंत्रित रखना, संभालना)
Synonyms: Exercise, Exert, Be Possessed Of, Hold, Maintain, Command, Control, Manage, Asseverate
Antonyms: Ignore, Neglect, Misuse
Example: He still wields enormous influence in politics.
Word forms: Wields, Wielding, Wielded
8. Clout (noun): Influence or power, especially in politics or business. (प्रभाव, ताकत)
Synonyms: Influence, Power, Sway, Leverage, Control, Dominance, Authority,
Antonyms: Helplessness, Impotence, Impotency, Powerlessness, Weakness.
Example: The Queen may have privilege but she has no real political clout.
Word forms: Clouts, Clouting, Clouted
9. Retribution (noun): Punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance for a wrong or criminal act. (बदला, दंड)
Synonyms: Payback, Reprisal, Requital, Retaliation, Revenge, Vengeance
Antonym: Clemency, Grace, Leniency, Lenity, Mercy, forgiveness, pardon, remission.
Example: They fled because they feared retribution for the genocide
10. Egalitarian (adjective): Believing that all people are equally important and should have the same rights and opportunities in life: (समानाधिकारवादी)
Synonyms: Democratic, Equitable
Antonym: Snobby, Snooty, Elitist, Aristocratic
Example: The dictator laughed at the priest’s egalitarian ideas and refused to believe all people were equal.
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