Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 24 March 2018
1) Prickly (adjective) ( काँटेदार): prik-li
Meaning –sharp to the touch, usually pointed
Synonyms- problematic, awkward, tricky/sensitive.
Antonyms- affable, easy-going
Example – Her mother told her to be careful of the prickly thorns on the rose.
2) Scrape (verb) (इकट्ठा, एकत्र करना): es-crape
Meaning – collect or accumulate something with difficulty/drag or pull a hard or sharp implement across
Synonyms- accumulate, collect, amass, gather.
Antonyms- distribute, squander, disperse
Example – They could hardly scrape up enough money for one ticket, let alone two.
3) Potent (adjective) – (प्रबल): po-tent
Meaning – very strong in a chemical or medicinal way
Synonyms- powerful, strong, effective.
Antonyms- weak, impotent, powerless, ineffective
Example – When the dashing actor entered a room, his potent charm caused everyone to look in his direction.
4) Tailor (verb) (समायोजित): tay-lur
Meaning – make or adapt for a particular purpose or person/(of a tailor) make (clothes) to fit individual customers(Verb)/a person whose occupation is making fitted clothes such as suits, trousers, and jackets to fit individual customers.(Noun)
Synonyms- customize, adapt, adjust, modify, change, convert, alter
Antonyms- disarrange, dislocate, disorder
Example -Treatment is tailored to the needs of each patient in this world-class hospital.
5) Sway (verb) (बोलबाला): sway
Meaning – control or dominion
Synonyms- control, influence, affect/persuade.
Antonyms- inability, powerlessness, inefficiency
Example – The CEO of a company holds swayover all of his employees.
6) Corrosive (adjective) (संक्षारक ): corro-siv
Meaning – having the ability to wear down or destroy
Synonyms – destructive, damaging, harmful.
Antonyms – gentle, kind, fortifying, supporting
Example – We must fight the corrosive effect of discrimination.
7) Propaganda (noun) (अधिप्रचार): pro-pay-ganda
Meaning – information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view/exaggerated or untruthful claims used to help raise support for an effort
Synonyms- information, promotion, advertising, advertisement, publicity, advocacy
Antonyms- truth, reality, actual
Example – During election season, politicians often try and beat their rivals by airing propaganda on television.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article:
8) Set off (phrasal verb) (चल पड़ना ):
Meaning – to cause something to operate, especially by accident/ to cause a situation or a series of events to happen, especially without intending to/ to start a journey, or to start going in a particular direction
Synonyms- cause, prompt, trigger, catalyze, bring about
Antonyms- deter, restrain
Example – Jeff pushed open the front door, which set off the alarm.
9) Press ahead (phrasal verb) (मुश्किल होने के बावजूद एक निश्चित तरीके से कुछ करना जारी रखना):
Meaning – to start or continue doing something in a determined way, although it is difficult
Synonyms- continue, go on, follow through
Antonyms- stop, discontinue, abandon, sporadic
Example – They pressed ahead regardless of objections.
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