Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu
1)Vie (verb) (होड़ करना): vaa-e
Meaning – compete eagerly with someone in order to do or achieve something/to take part in a contest or competition
Synonyms – compete, contend, contest, struggle, fight, battle
Example – After the semifinal matches are complete, the winning teams will vie for the trophy.
2)Articulate (verb) (स्पष्ट): arti-cu-lat
Meaning – expressing oneself clearly/express (an idea or feeling) fluently and coherently.
Synonyms – express, communicate, state, set forth, assert, divulge
Antonyms- inarticulate, hesitant, unintelligible
Example – The president is known for his ability to articulate his thoughts in front of millions of people.
3)Joust (verb) (लड़ाई): just
Meaning – compete closely for superiority.
Synonyms – combat, contest, fight.
Example -Lawyers joust in the courtroom to win the case.
4)Forthright (adjective) (निष्कपट): forth-rit
Meaning – direct and honest/(of a person or their manner or speech) direct and outspoken.
Synonyms – frank, direct, straightforward, honest, candid, open, sincere
Antonyms- secretive, dishonest
Example – If you are not forthright when answering the detective’s questions, you might end up in jail.
5)Inevitably (adverb) (अनिवार्य रूप से): in-evi-tably
Meaning – certain to happen, unavoidably
Synonyms – naturally, automatically, inescapably, unavoidably, ineluctably, certainly, surely, definitely
Antonyms- avoidably, uncertainty
Example – Inevitably we will all die regardless of our financial situations.
6)Vague (adjective) (अस्पष्ट): way-g
Meaning – not described well,of uncertain, indefinite, or unclear character or meaning.
Synonyms – indistinct, indeterminate, unclear
Antonyms- clear, precise, firm, sharpness
Example – He was so disappointed with the fortuneteller’s vague prediction that he asked for his money to be returned.
7)Sidelight (noun) (आकस्मिक जानकारी का एक हिस्सा जो किसी विषय को स्पष्ट या सजीव करने में मदद करे ): side-liet
Meaning – a piece of incidental information that helps to clarify or enliven a subject.
Example -One has to wade through pages of extraneous material in order to discover these sidelights on the management of an estate.
8)Averse (adjective) (प्रतिकूल): aver-s
Meaning – having a strong dislike of or opposition to something/actively not liking something
Synonyms -opposed to, against, antipathetic to, hostile to, antagonistic to
Antonyms- keen, enthusiast
Example – Because I am averse to risk, I never go to adventurous trips.
Idioms/Phrases in the article
9)A share of the pie (phrase) (हिस्सा):
Meaning – a share of the available money, benefits etc
Example – The company made big profits and the workers want a share of the pie.
10)In contention (phrase) (विवाद में):
Meaning -competing for a prize or job, especially when you seem likely to succeed
Example -Team India is playing very well but we are still in contention for the trophy.
11)Take over (phrasal verb) (कब्जा):
Meaning – an act of assuming control of something, especially the buying out of one company by another.
Synonyms – acquire, achieve, earn, gain
Example -Whatsapp was taken over by Facebook some time ago.
12)Sooner rather than later (phrase) (जितनी जल्दी हो सके):
Meaning – before much time has gone by/without too much delay
Synonyms – soon, immediately, without delay.
Antonyms-Slowly, laggardly, sluggishly, deliberately, tardily
Example – We need to fix this problem sooner rather than later.
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