Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu
1) Ludicrous (adjective) (ऊटपटांग, निस्सार,बेतुका): ludi-krus
Meaning – something viewed as humorous because of its ridiculousness
Synonyms – absurd, ridiculous, farcical, laughable, risible, preposterous
Antonyms- sensible,practical, realistic,minded
Example – The ludicrous movie is about a dog that becomes the president of a country.
2)Discomfiture (noun) (शिकस्त,कुंठा): dis-comfy-chur
Meaning – .a feeling of embarrassment or discomfort
Synonyms – awkwardness, embarrassment, unease, discomfort.
Example – After he lost the election to his rival, a sense of discomfiture crept over the now embarrassed politician.
3)Fevered (adjective) (विह्वल, बेचैन, उत्तेजित): fever-ed
Meaning – feeling or displaying an excessive degree of nervous excitement, agitation, or energy.
Synonyms -agitated, frenzied, overwrought, frantic, fervid
Example – The film is clearly the product of a fevered imagination.
4)Stymie (verb) (गतिरोध): es-tie-me
Meaning – to stand as an obstacle
Synonyms – impede, interfere with, hamper, hinder
Antonyms- assist, help
Example – My rival did everything she could to stymie my efforts to get the winning title.
5)Confrontation (noun) (आमना-सामना): con-fron-tay-shun
Meaning – a hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
Synonyms – conflict, faceoff, clash, fight, contest
Antonyms- agreement, calm, peace
Example – He would prefer not to have a confrontation with the authorities.
6)Summon (verb) (बुलवाना): sum-un
Meaning – request, demand or order someone to present
Synonyms – call for, ask for, send for
Antonyms- dismiss, send (away), turn away
Example – Vijay know that they will summon him to appear in court, which is why he plans on fleeing the country.
7)Usher in (verb) (मार्गदर्शन करना): as-ur
Meaning – show or guide (someone) somewhere.
Synonyms -start, initiate, inaugurate.
Antonyms- help, assist, show, lead, show someone the way, guide, steer
Example -As the person was new to the place, a kind man ushered him the right way into his office.
8)Transpire (verb) (घटित होना): trans-pire
Meaning – to occur or take place/(of a secret or something unknown) come to be known; be revealed.
Synonyms – happen, occur, take place, come about, come to pass
Antonyms- cause, stop
Example – Although the new law has passed, you should not expect changes to transpire immediately.
Idioms/Phrases in the article –
9)In the long run (phrase) (अन्ततः):
Meaning – over or after a long period of time
Synonyms – eventually,ultimately,finally,someday,sooner or later
Antonyms – never, not at all
Example – All your hard work will be worth it in the long run.
10)Give rise to (phrase) (के कारण होना।):
Meaning – cause to happen.
Synonyms – produce, bring about, cause, occasion, generate, engender
Antonyms – Destroy,halt,kill,stop
Example – The remark about an election inevitably gave rise to widespread speculation.
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