Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 21 March 2018
1)Plausible (adjective)(स्वीकार्य,विश्वसनीय लगने वाला): plaw-ci-bal
Meaning – something appearing reasonable or probable
Synonyms- credible, reasonable, believable, likely, feasible, probable, tenable, possible
Antonyms- unlikely, improbable
Example – The writer of the movie consulted a professional athlete in order to make his sports’ film more plausible.
2)Cavern (noun) (गुफा): kay-vern
Meaning – a large cave or chamber in a cave.
Synonyms- large cave, grotto, hollow, cavity
Example – Because it was so dark inside the cavern, the hikers couldn’t see the bats hanging from the top of the cave.
3)Overturn (verb) (उलटाव, रद्द करना ): over-turn
Meaning – abolish, invalidate, or reverse (a previous system, decision, situation, etc.).
Synonyms- cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke, retract
Antonyms- allow, accept
Example – The results overturned previous findings of the scientist.
4)Backdrop (noun) –(पृष्ठभूमि): back-drop
Meaning – the general situation in which particular events happen
Synonyms- situation, scenario, context.
Example – The election will take place against abackdrop of increasing instability.
5) Unaccredited (adjective) (निषिद्ध): un-ac-cred-it-ed
Meaning – not recognized as having attained an acceptable standard.
Synonyms- unlicensed, unauthorized, unrecognized
Antonyms- authorized, authorized, recognized
Example – At the present time there’s about 4.8% of childcare centers in Australia that are unaccredited because they’re not meeting our standards at the present time.
6) Hotspot(noun) (महत्वपूर्ण गतिविधि, खतरे या हिंसा की जगह): hot-spot
Meaning –a place of significant activity, danger, or violence.
Example – They identified eight pollution hotspot sat the mouth of the Ganga river.
7)Stake (noun) (दाँव): es-take
Meaning – a situation involving competition in a specified area.
Synonyms- competition, contest, battle, challenge, rivalry, race, running,
Antonyms- concord, harmony, peace
Example – The President is staking his future on the current peace talks.
7) Side-step (verb) (टालना): side-step
Meaning – to avoid an issue or decision
Synonyms- avoid, bypass, evade, escape,dodge
Antonyms- confront, indulge
Example – The minister sidestepped the reporter’s question.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article
8)Leave much to be desired (phrase) (अत्यधिक असंतोषजनक):
Meaning – be highly unsatisfactory.
Synonyms- of low quality, of low standard, disagreeable
Antonyms- satisfactory, agreeable, perfect
Example – I feel the quality of some of our ministers leaves a lot to be desired.
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