Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu
1)Heist ( noun) (चोरी): Hi-ist
Meaning -a robbery or burglary
Synonyms – grab, theft, pinch, rip-off, snatching, swiping
Antonyms – bestow, contribute, donate, give, hand over, present
Example – Every 6 o’clock news covered the story about the bank heist in the nearby town.
2)Crescendo ( noun) (सर्वोच्च वृद्धि): cres-endo
Meaning – the topmost increase in size or intensity
Synonyms – extreme, extremity, tip,apex, climax
Antonyms – bottom, nadir, base
Example -The audience’s applause hit an ear-piercing crescendo when the talk show host came through the curtains.
3)Wanting ( adjective) (अभावग्रस्त,न्यून): want-ing
Meaning – lacking in a required or necessary quality.
Synonyms – deficient, inadequate, lacking, insufficient, imperfect
Antonyms – sufficient, acceptable,adequate,satisfactory
Example -If you are wanting in courtesy, no one is going to like you.
4)Shaky( adjective) (अस्थिर): shey-ki
Meaning – not safe or reliable; liable to fail or falter.
Synonyms – faltering, unsteady, uncertain, tentative, wobbly
Antonyms – sound, strong,steady,stable
Example – Thoroughly shaky evidence”
5)Loophole ( noun) (कानून में अस्पष्टता या अपर्याप्तता): loop-hohl
Meaning – a mistake or vagueness in a regulation or law that allow all or part of it to be avoided or changed
Synonyms – escape,clause,alternative,way out
Example -He pays very little tax because of some loophole in income tax legislation..
6)Disown ( verb) (त्यागना ): dis-own
Meaning – to refuse to acknowledge any connection with something
Synonyms – contradict, dis-affirm, disallow, disavow, disclaim, dis-confirm, deny
Antonyms – acknowledge, admit, allow, avow, concede, confirm, own
Example – The wealthy grandfather decided to disown his grandson and take him out of his will after he was found out guilty of a crime.
7)Under-report( verb) ( होने की रिपोर्ट करना): under-re-port
Meaning – to report to be less than is actually the case/ fail to report (something, especially news or data) fully
Example – Politicians usually under-report their income.
Idioms/Phrases in the article –
8)Up to scratch( Phrase) (आवश्यक मानक तक, संतोषजनक)
Meaning – up to the required standard/As good as what was expected, required, or demanded; satisfactory or adequate
Synonyms – good enough, up to the mark, up to standard, acceptable
Antonyms – below standard, unacceptable
Example -Although he was a native Englishman, his English was not up to scratch.
9)Crack the whip( Phrase) (लोगों को कठिन मेहनत करने के लिए दबाव डालना)
Meaning – to put people under pressure to work harder /To push or urge someone (usually one’s subordinate) to work harder, likened to literally cracking a whip to control or urge on an animal/
Synonyms – dogmatic,bossy,overbearing
Example – The boss is nervous that we’ll lose this account, so he’s really started cracking the whip on us.
10)Spill Over( Phrasal Verb) (अन्य क्षेत्रों में फैलना ):
Meaning – (of a bad situation or strong emotion) reach a point at which it can no longer be controlled or contained/To exceed the borders or parameters of something/to overflow
Synonyms – spread out, disperse, fan out
Antonyms – lessen, shrink
Example – The protests have spilled over to other parts of the city.
11)Confine to( Phrase) (सीमित रखना):
Meaning – To restrict something to a particular person or thing; to limit the scope of something
Synonyms – circumscribe, restrain, bound, throttle, specify, enclose, fix, limit
Antonyms – unloose, free, release, loose, liberate
Example – Please confine your requests to the particular department, so as to not overwhelm the whole office staff.
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