Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu
1)Throe ( noun) (दम तोड़ना): throh
Meaning – intense or violent pain and struggle, especially accompanying birth, death, or great change/intense struggle or agony
Synonyms – agony, pain, paroxysm, suffering, torture, torment, distress
Antonyms – comfort, ease, easiness
Example – After being shot by hunters, the elephant suffered the throes of death.
2)Beset (verb) (घेर लेना): be-set
Meaning – (of a problem or difficulty) trouble (someone or something) persistently/to surround or attack from all sides
Synonyms – surround, harass, plague, bedevil, attack
Antonyms – abet, aid, assist, help deliver, release
Example – The company was beset by a flood of lawsuits after their new invention led to injuries among hundreds of their customers.
3)Fissure (noun) (दरार): fis-ar
Meaning – a state of incompatibility or disagreement/a narrow opening or crack
Synonyms – split, dispute, separate, discrepancy
Antonyms – unite, unify, accord, harmony
Example -We must not encourage any such political leader who tries to create fissures in the society through hateful inflammatory speeches.
4)Disillusionment (noun) (मोहभंग): dis-illuzun-ment
Meaning – a feeling of disappointment resulting from the discovery that something is not as good as one believed it to be.
Synonyms – disenchantment, disappointment, disaffection, dissatisfaction
Antonyms – trusting, enthusiastic
Example – There is growing public disillusionment with the present system of government.
5)Backing (noun) (समर्थन): bek-ing
Meaning – help or support.
Synonyms – support, help, assistance, cooperation, aid
Antonyms – oppose,disagree,dislike
Example -The foreign secretary won the backingof opposition parties.
6)Unrest (noun) (अशांति): un-rest
Meaning – a state of uneasiness, restlessness, or agitation
Synonyms -agitation, commotion, hubbub, disruption, perturbation, chaos, disorder
Antonyms – order, orderliness
Example – The political unrest will only ease when efforts are made to make sure that all people are treated equally.
7)Disenchantment (noun) (निराशा,मोहभंग): dis-enchant-ment
Meaning – a feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired
Synonyms – disillusionment, disappointment, dissatisfaction, discontent
Antonyms -encouraged, enchanted
Example -There is growing disenchantment in the little kid due to the daily quarrels between his parents.
8)Reconciliation (noun) (सुलह): re-conci-li-ashun
Meaning – the restoration of good relations between individuals, groups, or territories who had become divided for some reason/the action of making one view or belief compatible with another.
Synonyms – reuniting, reunion, bringing (back),conciliation,appeasement,settlement
Antonyms – estrangement, alienation, feud, incompatibility
Example – When the reconciliation brought my two brothers together again, it changed our family dynamics for the better.
Idioms/Phrases in the article –
9)Stay on (phrasal verb) (लगे रहना) :
Meaning – continue to study, work, or be somewhere after others have left.
Synonyms – continue to (work).
Antonyms – discontinue,halt,ignore,leave
Example – I stayed on to get my PhD in the same institute.
10)To the fore (phrase) (प्रमुख) :
Meaning – In, into, or toward a position of prominence/to become most important
Synonyms – foremost, top, principal, paramount
Antonyms – inferior,secondary,unimportant
Example – Narendra Modi came to the fore in BJP because of his impressive vision.
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