Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 2 April 2018
1) Overturn(verb) (उलट देना , के विरुद्ध निर्णय देना) : over-turn
Meaning – abolish, invalidate, or reverse (a previous system, decision, situation, etc./tip (something) over so that it is on its side or upside down.
Synonyms- : cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke
Antonyms – allow, accept
Example -It would be nearly impossible for them to overturn such a majority in one election.
2) Prudently (Adverb) (विवेकपूर्ण ढंग से) : pru-dent-li
Meaning – in a way that shows care and thought for the future.
Synonyms- : wisely, judiciously, sagaciously, shrewdly
Antonyms – unwisely, imprudently, incautiously, extravagantly
Example -As there is water crisis, we must act prudently to save the water.
3) Double whammy (Noun) (दोहरा झटका) : da-ble-vay-mi
Meaning – a twofold blow or setback.
Synonyms- : blow, bad luck, calamity, curse, bane
Antonyms – benefit, advantage, blessing
Example – With the cold weather and the high cost of heating fuel, homeowners were hit with a double whammy this winter.
4) Uphold (Verb) (समर्थन करना , पुष्टि करना) : up-hold
Meaning – confirm or support (something which has been questioned)/maintain (a custom or practice).
Synonyms- : confirm, endorse, sustain, validate, ratify, verify
Antonyms – overturn, oppose, abandon
Example – After thinking about it for several hours, the judge decided to uphold the first judge’s decision and send the inmate back to jail.
5) Handout (Noun)(लाभ, (वित्तीय) समर्थन): hand-out
Meaning – a quantity of financial or other material aid given to a person or organization.
Synonyms – aid, benefit, (financial) support.
Antonyms – Impediment, hurt
Example -The family wasn’t interested in government handouts.
6) Existential (Adjective)(अस्तित्व): ex-is-ten-tial
Meaning -something relating or dealing with existence
Antonyms – Speculative, theoretic
Example -Perhaps the most existential question is “what is the meaning of life?”
7) Fiery (Adjective) (उग्र): fier-y
Meaning – having a passionate and quick-tempered nature , consisting of fire or burning strongly and brightly
Synonyms – strong, powerful; ardent, fervent.
Antonyms – Cool, impassive, peaceful
Example – She was a fiery, brilliant and unyielding intellectual and politician.
8) Inadvertently (Adverb) ( अनजाने में): in-ad-vert-ent-ly
Meaning -without intention of doing so
Synonyms – accidentally, unintentionally; mistakenly
Antonyms – Knowingly, advertently, consciously
Example – I inadvertently pressed the wrong button and it resulted in loss of my article.
9) Viability (Noun)( व्यवहार्यता,बड़ी जीवन-शक्ति ):vaye–bil-i-tee
Meaning – the ability to survive successfully.
Synonyms – Resilience, Vitality, endurance
Antonyms – Impracticality, unfeasibility
Example: She is very negative about the long-term viability of the project.
10) Endow(Verb) (प्रदान करना,से संपन्न बनाना) : en-do
Meaning – give or bequeath an income or property to (a person or institution)/provide with a quality, ability, or asset.
Synonyms- : provide, supply, furnish, equip, invest, give
Antonyms- dispossess, divest, strip deplete, drain, exhaust
Example -The billionaire will endow the school of nursing with a huge donation.
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