Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 19 March 2018
1)Plummet(noun) (गिरावट): pluhm-it
Meaning – fall or drop straight down at high speed.
Synonyms- plunge, dive, drop, crash, collapse, decline
Antonyms-ascend, go up, grow, increase
Example -When the economy improves, we can expect to see the unemployment rate plummet.
2)Contemplation (noun) (चिंतन): con-tem-pla-tion
Meaning – the action of looking thoughtfully at something for a long time.
Synonyms- inspection, observation, meditation, consideration, pondering, musing, rumination
Antonyms- disregard, ignore, overlook, slight, dismiss
Example – When the accountant was asked to contemplate the current budget, he discovered many ways the company could save money.
3)Grail(noun) (बेसब्री ): grey-l
Meaning – a thing which is eagerly pursued or sought after.
Synonyms- wanted, awaited, desire
Antonyms- unwanted, neglected, abandoned
Example -Appearing to be the perfect candidate, the rising senator seemed to be the party’s holygrail.
4)Foggy (noun) (धूमिल): fog-gi-est
Meaning – unable to think clearly/full of or characterized by fog.
Synonyms- muddled, fuddled, misty, hazy
Antonyms-clear, obvious, evident
Example – His ideas on this subject are a bit foggy.
5)Malevolent (noun) (द्रोही): muh-lev-uh-lent
Meaning – having or showing a wish to do evil to others.
Synonyms- malicious, spiteful, hostile, evil-minded, baleful, bitter
Antonyms- benevolent, kindly, kind-hearted, warm-hearted
Example – Because of their malevolent purposes, hand grenades are not allowed on commercial flights.
6)Pervasive(noun) (व्यापक): per-vey-siv
Meaning – (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.
Synonyms- prevalent, penetrating, pervading, permeating, extensive
Antonyms- rare, scarce, uncommon
Example – In many cities, police corruption is apervasive issue that touches all communities.
7)Pseudonymous(noun) (उपनाम ): soo-don-uh-mus
Meaning – writing or written under a false name.
Synonyms- pen name, assumed name, incognito, alias, false name
Example – The famous singer always checks into hotels under a pseudonym so her fans will not find her.
8)Anticipate (noun) (पूर्वानुमान): an-tis-uh-peyt
Meaning – regard as probable; expect or predict.
Synonyms- expect, foresee, predict, think likely, forecast, prophesy, foretell
Antonyms- doubt, disbelieve
Example – He eagerly anticipated the arrival of her daughter.
9)Bleakness (noun) ( निराशाजनक स्थिति): bleak-ness
Meaning – the quality or state of being bare and inhospitable/the quality or state of being hopeless, discouraging, or unlikely to have a favorable outcome.
Synonyms- distress, cheerlessness, dejection
Antonyms- benefit, blessing, liveliness, contentment
Example -Trying not to give in to the bleakness and misery of his surroundings, he is convinced that he is just one fighter away from success.
10)Imposition(noun) (आरोपण): im-puh-zish-un
Meaning –an unreasonable and burdening demand or request
Synonyms- foisting, forcing, inflicting, obtruding, pressing
Antonyms- abate, diminish, lessen forgive, release condone, disregard
Example – Riya’s nature of imposition by always asking her co-workers to do her work caused her to lose her job.
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