Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 19 June 2018
1. Esoteric (adjective): Very unusual and understood or liked by only a small number of people, especially those with special knowledge: (जिसे कुछ ही लोग समझ पाएं, गुप्त)
Synonyms: Abstruse, Arcane, Recondite, Inscrutable, Cryptic
Antonyms: Esoteric, Comprehensible, Perspicuous, Superficial, Shallow
Example: Metaphysics is such an esoteric subject that most people are content to leave it to the philosophers
2. Renowned (adjective): Famous for something. (प्रसिद्ध, मशहूर, प्रख्यात)
Synonyms: Illustrious, Eminent, Notorious, Famed, Popular, Distinguished
Antonyms: Common, Anonymous, Nameless, Obscure,
Example: Picasso was a well renowned artist.
3. Scrutiny (noun): The careful and detailed examination of something: (जांच, छान-बीन, सूक्ष्म परीक्षण)
Synonyms: Perusal, Audit, Probe, Inquisition, Exploration, Inspection
Antonyms: Glimpse, Glance, Cursory Look, Peep, Scan
Example: ‘If you want to fly on an airplane, you should be prepared to deal with scrutiny from the airline personnel
4. Transcend (verb): To go beyond or rise above a limit, or be greater than something ordinary: (पार पाना, ऊंचा उठना)
Synonyms: Eclipse, Surpass, Surmount, Prevail, Outclass, Overcome
Antonyms: Lose, Fall, Surrender, Fail
Example: A good education will allow you to transcend many socioeconomic barriers.
Related: Transcend, Transcended
5. Nimble (adjective): Quick and exact either in movement or thoughts: (फुर्तीला, तेज़, चतुर, कुशल)
Synonyms: Agile, Quick, Spry, Lissom, Lithe, Dexterous
Antonym: Lumbering, Clumsy, Sluggish, Awkward, Stupid
Example: Her nimble fingers make playing guitar look so easy.
6. Cornerstone (noun): Something of great importance that everything else depends on: (आधारशिला)
Synonyms: Foundation, Fundament, Mainstay, Keystone, Basis, Core
Example: In most countries, the family unit is still the cornerstone of society’s
7. Endowment (noun): Gift of money that is made to an institution such as a school. (चंदा, दान)
Synonym: Donation, Grant, Charity, Alms, Benefaction, Funding
Example: In an effort to assist my son as he buys his first home, I provided him with a significant monetary endowment.
8. Synergy (noun): The combining of different groups, processes, objects, or people to increase success. (तालमेल, मिलजुल कर)
Synonyms: Collaboration, Cooperation, Symbiosis, Alliance, Union, Teamwork
Example: The synergy between the two firms has created a giant company that now controls the industry.
9. Foster (verb): To encourage the development or growth of ideas or feelings: (प्रोत्साहन देना)
Synonyms: Promote, Encourage, Embolden, Advance
Antonyms: Discourage, Hinder, Inhibit, Suppress, Impede
Example: It is important to foster proper obedience in a dog early on.
Related: Foster, Fostered
10. Jeopardize (verb): To put something in danger of loss harm or failure: (खतरे में डालना, हानि पहुँचाना)
Synonyms: Imperil, Endanger, Menace, Threaten, Hazard
Antonyms: Protect, Safe Guard, Preserve, Shelter
Example: She knew that failing her exams could jeopardize her whole future.
Related: Jeopardize, Jeopardized
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