Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 17 March 2018
1)Fiasco (noun) (असफलता): fi-as-ko
Meaning – a total disaster
Synonyms- blunder, flop, failure, debacle
Antonyms-accomplishment, achievement, success
Example – Because there was no food or music at the party, everyone said the event was a fiasco.
2)Parlance (noun) (बोल-चाल, शब्द बोलने का ढंग): par-lance
Meaning – a way of speaking that is typical of a certain group or culture
Synonyms- jargon, language, phraseology, the way of speaking, vernacular
Example – When I heard the computer programmers talking about coding, I could not understand a word of their parlance.
3)Bona fide (adjective) (प्रामाणिक): bona-fide
Meaning – genuine; real.
Synonyms- authentic, genuine, real, true, actual, sterling
Antonyms-corrupt, doubtful, implausible, false
Example – Make sure you are dealing with a bona fide company which is registered as per the norms.
4)Delinquent (adjective) (क़सूरवार): delin-quent
Meaning – (typically of a young person) tending to commit crime, particularly minor crime/failing in one’s duty.
Synonyms- lawless, lawbreaking, offending, careless
Antonyms- well behaved, conformist
Example – Most delinquent children have deprived backgrounds.
5)Tangle (noun) (उलझन): tan-gal
Meaning – to become mixed together or intertwined
Synonyms- mess, complicated, twist, muddle, confused
Example – Environmentalists argue against the manufacturing of plastic due to the fact that marine life often tangles with the plastic trash in the ocean.
6)Unleash (verb) (खोल देना): un-leash
Meaning – to set free from a restraint
Synonyms- set free, discharge, let loose, release
Antonyms- hold, keep, restrain
Example – After I went to unleash the dog who had been chained to his cage for years, the dog attacked the first person it saw and ran away.
7)Knee-jerk (adjective) (एक त्वरित प्रतिक्रिया): knee-jurk
Meaning – (of a response) automatic and unthinking/a quick reaction that does not allow you time to consider something carefully
Synonyms- unplanned, sudden, unintentional, unthinking, automatic
Antonyms- intentional, considered
Example – This announcement seems to be more of a knee-jerk reaction than a considered response to a terrible problem.’
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article
8)In cahoots (phrase) (मिलीभगत से):
Meaning – In close, often secretive or conspiratorial cooperation with someone.
Synonyms- unified, affiliated, collaborating (secretly), conspiring
Antonyms- uncoordinated, separate
Example – It turned out that the business tycoon was in cahoots with local law enforcement to have the investigation dropped.
9)Rely on (phrasal verb) (भरोसा करना):
Meaning – to depend on someone or something; to trust in someone or something
Synonyms- depend on, count on, bank on
Antonyms- disbelieve, disregard, neglect
Example – We can’t rely on this old car to go on the trip to Himachal Pradesh.
10)Come to light (phrase) (प्रकट होना):
Meaning – To be revealed or exposed
Synonyms- reveal, disclose, expose, uncover.
Antonyms- hush up, keep secret, remain secret, remain hidden
Example -Discrepancies in the yearly budget report only came to light after the auditors began analyzing it
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