Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu
1)Perpetrate (Noun)( पाप करना): per-pet-rate
Meaning -carry out or commit (a harmful, illegal, or immoral action).
Synonyms – commit, carry out, perform, execute, do, effect
Antonyms -skimp, slight, slur
Example – The young man decided to perpetratea crime to show his value to the gang leader.
2)Ostensibly (Noun)( प्रत्यक्ष तौर पर): osten-si-baly
Meaning – as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently.
Synonyms – apparently, seemingly, professedly, supposedly, purportedly
Antonyms – genuinely, really, truly
Example – Ostensibly, the surveillance cameras have been installed for our protection, but we believe management uses them to monitor our daily activities.
3)Maverick (Noun)( आवारा,अपरंपरागत): mav-rik
Meaning -tending to choose a different path from everyone else/an unconventional or independent-minded person.
Synonyms – bohemian,extremist,dissenter,malcontent
Example – When the maverick actor tried to rewrite the script, he was removed from the project and replaced by a newcomer.
4)Astounding(Noun)( चकित करनेवाला): as-town-ding
Meaning – surprisingly impressive or notable.
Synonyms – amazing, astonishing, staggering, shocking, surprising, breathtaking, striking
Antonyms -common, customary, mundane, normal, ordinary, typical
Example – It is astounding that half of all crime in Britain is committed by people under the age of 21.
5)Nexus(Noun)( बंधन,संबंध): nex-as
Meaning – a connection or series of connections linking two or more things,a central or focal point.
Synonyms – centre,connection,link,network
Example – The nexus between industry and political power is clearly visible.
6)Brass(Noun)( अधिकारी या उच्च रैंक के लोग): brass
Meaning – people in authority or of high military rank.
Synonyms – board,cabinet,presidency
Antonyms -lower ranked
Example – The top brass are coming to the city to see how we do things here.
Meaning – illegally obtain money from (someone) by deception.
Synonyms – swindle, cheat, fool, deceive, dupe, hoodwink,
Example – He used a second identity to defraud the bank of thousands of pounds
8)Due diligence (Noun)( यथोचित ): dew-dili-gence
Meaning – reasonable steps taken by a person to avoid committing a tort or offence/the process of carefully examining something or someone, especially before agreeing to buy it or employ them or before advising someone else to buy it or employ them
Synonyms – examination, analysis, review, alertness
Antonyms – carelessness,inactivity,indolence
Example – It is the employer’s duty to exercisedue diligence when appointing new staff.
Idioms/Phrases in the article –
9)Blow the lid off (Phrase)( जनता के बीच पर्दाफाश करना ):
Meaning – To expose something to the public, often something scandalous or deceptive.
Synonyms – reveal, bring to light, uncover
Antonyms – conceal,cover,hide
Example – That company’s stock price plummeted after the media blew the lid off its CEO’s scandal.
10)Keep a close watch/eye (Phrase)( सावधानीपूर्वक देखना ):
Meaning – To monitor someone or something close/to watch closely or carefully
Synonyms – pay attention,protect,nurture,look after
Antonyms – Ignore, neglect, disregard, forget
Example – Please keep an eye on baby while his mother is in the kitchen.