Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 15 March 2018
1) Grueling (adjective) ( थकानेवाला): gru-ling
Meaning – extremely tiring and demanding.
Synonyms- exhausting, tiring, fatiguing, wearying, enervating, taxing, draining
Antonyms- easy, effortless, facile, light, soft, undemanding
Example – The Prime Minister is having a grueling schedule these days.
2) Emissary (noun)( दूत): emesary
Meaning – a person sent as a diplomatic representative on a special mission.
Synonyms- envoy, ambassador, diplomat, delegate
Example – Since the president is too ill to attend the conference, he is sending the vice-president as his emissary.
3)Distress(adjective) ( संकट): dis-tress
Meaning – extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.
Synonyms- anguish, suffering, pain, agony, ache
Antonyms- happiness, comfort
Example – Citizens voiced their distress over delays in fixing the problem.
4) Caveat (noun) ( चेतावनी): kav-at
Meaning – a warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations.
Synonyms-warning, caution, admonition, monition, red flag
Antonyms- carelessness, consonance, delinquency
Example – The caveat of the contract includes a penalty fee if the loan is not repaid on time.
5) Unflustered (adjective) ( शांत और आत्म-नियंत्रित): un-flus-tur-d
Meaning – not agitated; calm and self-controlled.
Synonyms- placid, unconcerned, unperturbed, unruffled, composed
Antonyms- anxious, disturbed
Example – The contented mind and unruffled spirit is the main reason behind her success in every task.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article-
6) Pitch in (phrasal verb) – ( अन्य लोगो के साथ शामिल होकर सहायता करना) :
Meaning – to join vigorously with other people in doing a job
Synonyms – help, assist, contribute, do one’s bit, chip in, cooperate, collaborate
Antonyms – Hinder, impede, inhibit
Example – If we all pitch in, we can finish today.
7) Hearts and minds (भावनात्मक और बौद्धिक समर्थन या प्रतिबद्धता के संदर्भ में) :
Meaning – used in reference to emotional and intellectual support or commitment.
Example – The movie is critically acclaimed, but it remains to be seen whether it will capture the hearts and minds of the movie going public.
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