Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 14 March 2018
1) Foil (verb) ( विफल करना): faw-el
Meaning – prevent (something considered wrong or undesirable) from succeeding.
Synonyms- thwart, frustrate, counter, oppose, baulk, disappoint, impede
Antonyms- assist, help, abet, aid
Example – A brave policewoman foiled the armed robbery.
2) Abort (verb) ( निरस्त करना): ab-ort
Meaning – to cause something to stop or fail before it begins or before it is complete
Synonyms- terminate, end, halt, stop
Antonyms- continue, complete, succeed
Example – We had no option but to abort the mission.
3)Edgy (adjective) ( असहज, नुकीला): egi
Meaning –tense, nervous, or irritable.
Synonyms- tense, nervous, on edge, highly strung
Antonyms- calm, still, tranquil, quiet, serene, peaceful,
Example – After the plane continued to shake uncontrollably, the passengers began to get edgy for fear of the plane crashing.
4) Defer (verb) ( टालना): de-fer
Meaning – put off (an action or event) to a later time; postpone.
Synonyms- postpone, put off, adjourn, delay
Antonyms- act, deal (with), decide (upon), do, work (on)
Example -We agreed to defer a discussion of the issue until we had more information.
5) Chink (noun) ( दरार): chink
Meaning – a narrow opening, typically one that admits light.
Synonyms- opening, gap, space, hole, aperture, break
Antonyms- closing, closure
Example – The police watched them secretly, through a chink in the wall.
6) Render (verb) ( प्रस्तुत करना): ren-der
Meaning – provide or give (a service, help, etc.).
Synonyms- give, provide, supply, furnish, make available, contribute
Antonyms- hold, keep, take, conceal
Example – The rescue personnel will be here momentarily to render aid to the victims.
7) Roll out (noun) ( आधिकारिक लॉन्च): roll-out
Meaning – to make a new product, service, or system available for the first time
Synonyms-arise, get up, rise, turn out, upraise
Antonyms- bed (down), retire, turn in
Example – The company plans to roll out the scheme across Europe in the coming months.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article-
8)In the making (phrase) (विकास या बनने की प्रक्रिया में):
Meaning – in the process of developing or being made.
Synonyms – budding, burgeoning, coming, emergent, growing, developing, nascent
Antonyms – completed, finished, polished
Example – She’s the best actress in the school, so I think she’s a Bollywood star in the making.
9)Make a pitch (phrase) (एक अनुबंध या अन्य व्यवसाय प्राप्त करने के लिए बोली ):
Meaning – make a bid to obtain a contract or other business.
Synonyms – try to obtain, try to acquire, try to get, bid for, make a bid for
Example – The company is making a pitch at a £200 million market.
10)On board (phrase) (साथ काम करना):
Meaning – Employed or working with
Example – We have a new engineer on board who specializes in repairing these kinds of computers.
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