Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu
1)Fester ( उपेक्षा की वजह से समस्या का बढ़ जाना): Fes-tur
Meaning – (of a problem) become worse or more intense, especially through long-term neglect or indifference.
Synonyms – rankle, chafe, gnaw, ferment, brew, smouldr
Antonyms – heal,ease,lessen
Example -Your anger will fester if you do not share what you really want.
2)Substantial ( ठोस,सारभूत): subs-tan-scial
Meaning – of considerable importance, size, or worth/ referring to something that is greater or larger than normal/
Synonyms – considerable, solid, sizeable, major, valuable, worthwhile
Antonyms – insubstantial, worthless
Example – After winning the lottery, the family won a substantial amount of money in which they didn’t know how to spend it all.
3)Sore ( पीड़ादायक): sowr
Meaning – (of a part of one’s body) painful or aching/upset and angry.
Synonyms – irritating, agonizing, vexed, displeasing
Antonyms – healthy,fine,happy
Example – Several rounds of basketball left the players legs sore and aching.
4)Anticipate ( पूर्वानुमान): anty-si-pate
Meaning – ready for something to occur
Synonyms – expect, foresee, predict
Antonyms – dread,unpredictable
Example – If we follow the timeline, we anticipatewe should have the project completed before August 12.
5)Undertake ( दायित्व लेना): under-take
Meaning – to commit oneself to an obligation
Synonyms – tackle, take on, accept, shoulder, handle, manage,
Antonyms – neglect, forgo
Example – Without anyone to undertake the running of the operations, the sick business owner was forced to close the doors.
6)Tempting( मोहक): tem-pt-ing
Meaning – appealing to or attracting someone, even if wrong or unwise.
Synonyms – enticing, alluring, attractive, appealing, inviting, captivating
Antonyms – off-putting, uninviting, unappetizing, undesirable, unattractive
Example -The company offered the meritorious student a tempting financial offer in his second year of college.
7)Mammoth ( विशाल): mai-math
Meaning – huge, very large
Synonyms – enormous, gigantic, giant, colossal, massive, vast
Antonyms – tiny, small, minute
Example – Jeff works for a mammoth-sized corporation that hires lakhs of employees all over the world.
Idiom/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article:
8)Under the Carpet (Idiom) (सबकी जानकारी से छुपाना):
Meaning – To ignore, deny, or conceal from public view or knowledge something that is embarrassing, unappealing, or damaging to one’s reputation.
Example – You need to stop sweeping your problems under the carpet. Nothing will get resolved like that!
8)Go by (Phrasal Verb)(के अनुसार चलना):
Meaning – to base an opinion on something/to use something as a basis for a judgment or action/to accept what someone or something says when you are deciding what to do or think
Synonyms – follow,adopt,observe
Example – If they prove that I was wrong, then I’llgo by what they say.
8)Beyond the horizon (Idiom) (अनुमानित की जा सकने की संभावित सीमा से आगे):
Meaning -Farther than the possible limit of sight; beyond what one is able to foresee, know, or anticipate
Example – My mind wandered out beyond the horizon, trying topicture what my life would look like 10 years from now.
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