Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 12 March 2018
1)Precarious (adjective) (अनिश्चित): pre-car-ius
Meaning – unstable, dangerous or difficult
Synonyms – uncertain, insecure, unreliable, unsure, unpredictable,
Antonyms – safe, secure
Example – Vijay Mallya is in a precarious financial situation, owing thousands of dollars.
2)Incendiary (adjective) (आग लगानेवाला): in-cen-di-ary
Meaning -tending to stir up conflict.
Synonyms – inflammatory, rabble-rousing, provocative, seditious, subversive
Antonyms – conciliatory, placatory, appeasing, pacifying, Pacific
Example – If the reporter didn’t mean to cause such an uproar among the public, he shouldn’t have written such an incendiary article about the city leaders.
3)Protract (adjective) (फैलना): pro-tract
Meaning – to prolong in time or space
Synonyms – prolong,stretch, extend
Antonyms – shorten, abbreviate
Example – To protract his presentation, the collegiate sought more material and examples for his speech.
4)Spurt(adverb) (उछाल): es-purt
Meaning -an unexpected short surge of activity, development or effort
Synonyms – sprint, rush, burst
Antonyms – calm, doldrums, slump
Example – With a spurt of energy, the runner was able to cross over the finish line.
5)Intimidation (noun) (धमकी): inti-mi-day-shun
Meaning -the act of making something feel threatened or afraid
Synonyms – frightening, menacing, terrifying, scaring, alarming.
Antonyms – cheer, comfort, console, reassure, solace, soothe
Example – The senior used intimidation to get the juniors to do what he wanted.
6)Disquiet (noun) (बेचैनी): dis-ke
Meaning -a feeling of worry and anxiety
Synonyms – perturb, agitate, upset, disturb, unnerve
Antonyms – composure, coolness, calm
Example – The novel is a tense thriller that will disquiet the reader.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article-
7) Get away with (phrasal verb) (बच निकलना):
Meaning -escape blame, punishment, or undesirable consequences for (an act that is wrong or mistaken).
Synonyms – escape blame for, escape punishment for
Antonyms – be captured, be imprisoned
Example -If he thinks he can get away with committing such crime, he’s very much mistaken”
8) Wade in (phrasal verb) (उतरना,घुस जाना):
Meaning -to get quickly and directly involved in something/to walk into an area covered by water
Synonyms – dive in , move in, plunge in,
Example – Don’t just wade into things without thinking enough about the consequences.
9) Cast a shadow over (phrase) (खराब करना, निराश करना):
Meaning -to make a situation seem less hopeful and more likely to end badly
Synonyms – spoil, diminish, disappoint, let down, discourage
Antonyms – improve, enhance
Example – Last night’s killings cast a dark shadow over the peace talks.
10) On the ground (phrase) (वास्तिवक स्थान पर):
Meaning -in a place where real, practical work is done/ in the place being discussed, especially a place where there is a war or another serious situation
Synonyms -bastion, battlefield, beachhead
Example – We will be monitoring the situation on the ground.
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