Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 12 April 2018
1) Reluctance (noun) (अनिच्छा): re-luc-tance
Meaning– unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
Synonyms- unwillingness, disinclination, hesitation, diffidence, timidity, timorousness, trepidation
Antonyms- willingness, eagerness
Example-Ministers have shown extreme reluctance to explain their points to the media.
2) Assuage (verb) (शांत करना): as-u-age
Meaning–to provide relief; causing to feel better
Synonyms- alleviate, mitigate/reduce, relieve.
Antonyms – aggravate
Example- In an effort to assuage angry customers, the store issued everyone a full refund.
3) Irrational (adjective) (तर्कहीन): ir-ray-shun-al
Meaning– devoid of reason, not logical or reasonable.
Synonyms- unreasonable, illogical, groundless, baseless, unfounded, unjustifiable
Example – Arachnophobia is known as anirrational fear of spiders.
4) Soar (verb) (ऊंची उड़ान भरना): so-r
Meaning – to rise high, increase rapidly above the usual level
Synonyms- escalate, surge, mount
Antonyms -plummet, plunge, drop, dive
Example – The number of unemployment filings began to soar after the company layoffs began.
5) Binding (अनिवार्य): bind-ing
Meaning– (of an agreement or promise) involving an obligation that cannot be broken.[Adjective].
A strong covering holding the pages of a book together.[Noun]
Synonyms- irrevocable, unalterable, mandatory/compulsory.
Antonyms- reversible, temporary
Example- The parties agreed to settle the dispute through binding arbitration.
6) Admonish (verb) (धिक्कारना): ad-mon-ish
Meaning – to scold; to warn strongly
Synonyms-: reprimand, rebuke, scold, reprove, upbraid
Antonyms -praise, commend, applaud
Example – The teacher would admonish students for repeatedly forgetting the lines.
7) Bonafides (noun) (नेकनीयती): bona-fydes
Meaning – a person’s honesty and sincerity of intention/documentary evidence showing that a person is what they claim to be; credentials.
Synonyms- authentic, genuine, real, true, actual, sterling
Antonyms – fake, bogus
Example – To make sure you are a bonafide buyer, the real estate agent will check your credit before allowing you to view the house.
8) Disquiet (adjective) (बेचैनी): dis-qua-it
Meaning – a feeling of worry and anxiety
Synonyms- unease, uneasiness, worry, anxiety, anxiousness, distress, concern
Antonyms -calm, cool, tranquil
Example – The novel is a tense thriller that willdisquiet the reader.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article
9) Set off (phrasal verb) – (चल पड़ना)
Meaning– to start a journey, or to start going in a particular direction/ to cause something to operate, especially by accident/ to make something explode
Synonyms- start, begin, initiate
Antonyms-finish, end, stop
Example- The President’s envoy set off on another diplomatic trip.
Like our Facebook page: https://fb.com/padhobeta.2017
Join Our telegram Channel:
https://t.me/sscPadho for SSC
Follow On Twitter: https://twitter.com/Padhobeta_
daily vocabulary, Vocab The Hindu, word meaning from the Hindu, word meaning the Hindu with antonym and synonym,