Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu | 02 May 2018
1. Pronounce (verb) : To formally state an official opinion or decision. (घोषित करना)
Synonyms: Announce, Proclaim, Declare, Rule, Decree, Ordain, Adjudicate
Antonyms: Disclaim, Hold, Request, Retain
Example: He was taken to the hospital where he was pronounced dead on arrival.
Related forms : Pronounce, Pronounced, Pronounced
2. Obdurate (adjective): Used to describe a person who refuses to change their mind, or someone or something that is difficult to deal with or change: (हठी, ज़िद्दी)
Synonyms: Obstinate, Firm, Dogged, Determined, Adamant, Unrelenting, Stubborn, Intransigent
Antonyms: Acquiescent, Agreeable, Amenable, Compliant, Complying, Flexible, Pliable, Pliant, Relenting, Yielding
Example: He is best remembered for his obdurate defensive batting, especially in matches against Australia.
3. Unedifying (adjective): Unpleasant and not morally uplifting or instructive. (अनैतिकता या पाप को प्रश्रय देने वाला)
Synonyms: Careless, Derelict, Lax, Negligent, Remiss, Irresponsible, Delinquent
Antonyms: Unenlightening, Unilluminating, Uninspiring, Awful, Objectionable
Example: Her face was red, fumes came from her head and she was muttering very strong and unedifying words.
4. Attribute (verb) : To explain (something) as being the result of something else. (जिम्मेदार ठहराया)
Synonyms: Ascribe, Assign, Accredit, Credit, Impute, Allot, Allocate
Antonyms: Discredit, Unassigned
Example: Rohan attributed his success to a comprensive preparation.
Related forms: Attribute, Attributed, Attributed
5. Specious (adjective): Seeming to be right or true, but really wrong or false: (ऊपर से देखने में अच्छा, धोखे का)
Synonyms: Fallacious, Misleading, Deceptive, Plausible
Antonyms: Aboveboard, Forthright, Nondeceptive, Straightforward
Example: The intruder tried to give the authorities a specious excuse regarding his presence in the building.
6. Bogey (noun): Something that causes fear among a lot of people, often without reason. (एक चीज जो डर का कारण बनती है)
Synonyms: Bugbear, Bane, Anathema, Abomination, Nightmare, Horror, Dread, Curse, Bugaboo
Example: Age is another bogey for actresses.
7. Reiterate (verb): Say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity. (दुहराना)
Synonyms: Repeat, Restate, Retell, Recapitulate, Iterate, Rehearse
Example: The government has reiterated its refusal to compromise with terrorists.
Related forms: Reiterate, Reiterated, Reiterate
8. Mala fide (adjective): In bad faith; with intent to deceive. (बुरे इरादे से)
Synonyms: Deceitful. Deceptive. Devious. Disingenuous. Dissembling. Dissimulating.
Antonyms: Bona Fide, Authentic, Genuine, Real, True, Actual, Unadulterated,
Example: They are trying to prove that the company and its foreign associates acted with mala fide intent.
9. Incursion (noun): An invasion or attack, especially a sudden or brief one. (आक्रमण, अचानक हमला)
Synonyms: Attack, Assault, Raid, Invasion, Foray, Blitz, Sortie
Antonyms: Defense, Resistance, Surrender, Retreat.
Example: There were incursions from the border every summer
10. Capitulate (verb): To accept defeat, or to give up or give in: (हथियार डाल देना, आत्मसमर्पण करना)
Synonyms: Surrender, Give In, Yield Succumb, Crumble
Antonyms: Resist, Endure, Withstand, Contend, Fight
Example: The company capitulated to the labor union to avoid a strike.
Related forms: Capitulate, Capitulated, Capitulated
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