Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu : 12 Feb 2018
1)Murky (adjective) (संदिग्ध ): Mur-key
Meaning – obscure or morally questionable/dark and gloomy
Synonyms – questionable, suspicious, suspect, dubious, dark, mysterious, secret
Example -The man gave a murky explanation when he was asked about the sad boy with him in the train.
2)Rapacious (adjective)(लालची): rapay-si-us
Meaning – aggressively greedy
Synonyms – greedy, avaricious, acquisitive, covetous, mercenary, materialistic
Antonyms – generous, liberal, lavish, magnanimous
Example – Because of its rapacious appetite, the shark is often considered to be more of an eating machine than a living creature.
3)Abeyance (noun) (दुविधा): abey-ance
Meaning – a state of temporary disuse or suspension
Synonyms – suspension, uncertainty, dormancy, latency
Antonyms – in hand, under way, continuing, continue, resume
Example – Trading on the stock market has temporarily been put in abeyance while the trade commission investigates financial misdeeds.
4)Fouled (adjected)(अशुद्ध करना): fol-d
Meaning – make dirty or pollute something
Synonyms – taint, dirty, stain, blacken
Antonyms – sanitize, clean
Example -The factories which fouled the atmosphere must be banned.
5)Contaminate (adjective)(दूषित करना): contam-inate
Meaning – to make something dirty, dangerous or less pure
Synonyms -befoul, defile, foul, poison, pollute,
Antonyms – decontaminate, purify, cleanse, distil, disinfect
Example -A boil order would be put into effect because an unknown substance had begun tocontaminate the local water.
6)Unveil (verb)(खोलना): un-vil
Meaning – to reveal or show something
Synonyms – disclose, divulge, expose, let on (about), spill, tell,bare
Antonyms – camouflage, disguise
Example – During the meeting, the CEO will unveilhis plans for the future of the company.
7)Inexplicable (adverb)(बेवजह): in-expli-cable-e
Meaning – incapable of being explained or interpreted/impossible to explain
Synonyms – unaccountable, unexplainable ,absurd
Antonyms- logical, rational, reasonable, tenable, understandable
Example – Because the weather was clear and sunny a few moments ago, the sudden thunderstorm is inexplicable.
8)Pre-empt (verb) (अग्रिम में कार्य करना): pre-empt
Meaning – take action in order to prevent (an anticipated event) happening/acquire or appropriate (something) in advance.
Synonyms – forestall, advance act, occupy, seize, arrogate
Antonyms – delay
Example -Many tables in the restaurant were already pre-empted by family parties.
Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article –
9)lay down (phrasal verb) – ( निर्धारित करना) : lay-daun
Meaning – to state officially what someone must do or how they must do it/to put into effect through legislative or authoritative action
Synonyms – constitute, formulate, enact, legislate, prescribe,make, ordain, pass
Antonyms – abolish, abrogate, annul, cancel, invalidate, repeal, nullify
Example -The European Union (EU) has laid downtough standards for water quality in member countries.