Challenging Words In The Article The Hindu
1)Ominous (adjective) ( अमंगल): Omin-as
Meaning – suggesting that something bad is going to happen in the future
Synonyms-: threatening, menacing, forbidding.
Antonyms – auspicious, bright, favourable
Example – A friendly outing took an ominous turn when the driver realized the bus brakes were no longer working.
2)Ferment (noun) ( विक्षोभ): Fer-ment
Meaning – to produce excitement or unrest
Synonyms-: intensify/become worse (of a problem because of long-negligence).
Antonyms – quiet, ease, dampen
Example – The union leader hopes to fermentdissatisfaction amid the workers to force management to increase salaries.
3)Aberration (noun) – ( विपथन, पथभ्रष्टता, गुमराह ): Ab-er-ashun
Meaning – deviating from what is normal or desirable, not typical
Synonyms-: anomaly, deviation/departure/divergence, mistake.
Antonyms – regularity, normality, soundness , sameness
Example – In a moment of aberration, she agreed to marry him even there was no reason to like him.
4) Inexorably (adverb) ( अनवरत रूप से): In-exor-abl-e
Meaning -in a way that is impossible to stop or prevent.
Synonyms-: unstoppable, obvious
Antonyms – avoidably, gently,unnecessarily
Example – The conflict was to lead inexorably in election keeping in mind the tough situation between the two parties.
5)Dissension (noun) ( कलह): Dis-enshun
Meaning – a disagreement that leads to arguing and discord
Synonyms-: disagreement, dispute.
Antonyms – agreement, concurrence, harmony
Example – Religion caused so much dissension in the family that the controversial topic was banned from the dinner table.
6)Turmoil (noun)( उथल-पुथल): Tur-mawl
Meaning – a state of confusion or disorder
Synonyms-: confusion, disorder, agitation/disruption.
Antonyms – calm, peace
Example – The mayor was not reelected to his office because of his inability to bring the city out of financial turmoil.
7)Posterity (noun) ( भावी पीढ़ी): Pos-ter-ity
Meaning – all future generations
Synonyms-: future generations; descendants, successors.
Antonyms – Past, present
Example – Even if you do not care about posterity, you should not cause pollution if you at least care about yourself.
8)Echelon () ( विभाग): Ech-lon
Meaning – a rank or position in society or in an organization
Synonyms-: level, rank, grade (in an organization).
Example – Because Satya is at the highestechelon of his company, he receives a huge salary.
9)Convene (verb) ( इकट्ठा करना): Con-vene
Meaning – to gather for a reason
Synonyms-: assemble, gather, meet.
Antonyms – disperse, divide, scatter
Example – Tomorrow morning, the teachers willconvene in the cafeteria to discuss the dress code.
10)Delineate (verb) ( चित्रित करना): Deli-ni-ate
Meaning – to clearly describe or portray something
Synonyms-: describe, define, outline.
Antonyms – confuse, distort
Example – Computer programs which candelineate faces are very helpful to law enforcement agencies